An essentially mining region
The exploitation of the phosphate mines constitutes the main economic activity of the governorate. This ore, which constitutes the wealth of the region, is exploited by the Compagnie de Phosphate de Gafsa (CPG). Thus and thanks to a phosphate production estimated at 8 million tonnes per year, Tunisia occupies 5th place among the 12 main phosphate producing countries in the world.
In addition to mining, Gafsa has a chemical industrial activity based on the production of phosphoric acid and fertilizers at the M'dhilla unit. This activity is managed by the Tunisian Chemical Group.
The transformation of phosphate has enabled Tunisia to be the second country in the world to recover a large percentage of its natural phosphate production (85%).
The region also has 65 industrial companies (with 10 jobs or more), 16 of which are totally exporters. Likewise, Gafsa comprises 10 companies with foreign participation (with 10 jobs and more) which operate in manufacturing industries.
The abundance of hydraulic resources in the region has favored the development of the agricultural sector which is based mainly on rustic arboriculture and sheep and goat breeding.
Indeed, Gafsa includes 106,377 ha of fruit trees: olives, almonds, pistachios and figs, 202,000 ha of arable land and a herd of around 350,000 heads (sheep, cattle, goats and camels).
In recent years, a very promising new activity has developed, largely intended for export, namely post-season vegetable crops (potatoes, cucumbers, etc.).
An adequate basic infrastructure
The governorate of Gafsa has :
- A dense road network (over 1000 km) connecting the region with several towns in the country as well as the Maghreb countries (Gafsa is 140 km from Algeria).
- A 388 km rail network, comprising 2 lines linking the city to the governorates of Gabès, Tozeur, Sfax and Tunis and are used for the transport of people, equipment and goods.
- Of a modern communication network.
- A competitiveness cluster and a cyber park intended to promote ICTs
- Industrial zones developed to accommodate new projects.
The governorate is also served by :
- Gafsa-Ksar International Airport which has a mixed civil and military character,
- Tozeur-Nefta international airport which is 90 km away, connecting the region with several European capitals,
- The commercial port of Gabès which is 146 km away.
- The port of Sfax which is 190 km away
Human resources available
Gafsa is the third university pole in the South after those of Sfax and Gabès with 9 higher education establishments housing more than 16,000 students enrolled in scientific, economic, literary, technological and computer engineering disciplines. These establishments are:
The Higher Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology of Gafsa
L’Institut Supérieur d’administration des Entreprises de Gafsa